Relevance. The growing resistance of microorganisms to antibacterial drugs is a global public health problem, and ignoring the problem of antibiotic resistance can lead to not only medical, but also serious environmental consequences. One of the most important causes of antibiotic resistance is a significant increase in the frequency of antibiotic use. Antibiotics are the only group of drugs that are used unreasonably in 50% of cases. Objective. To analyze the literature data on the awareness of the population of different countries about the proper use of antibacterial drugs. Search strategy. The study examined full-text publications in English and Russian, which are devoted to the awareness of the population of various countries about the use of antibiotics. In the process of searching for literature, the following search engines were used: Pubmed, Web of science, Cyberleninka, Google Scholar by keywords. The time period was designated 2011-2021. 190 publications were identified on this topic. Of these, 39 publications corresponded to the purpose of our study. Results and conclusions. According to the results of our study, numerous publications show the improper use of antibiotics by the population, and as a result, an increase in the indicators of antibiotic resistance.
Nazym S. Iskakova1, Zaituna A. Khismetova1, Gulzat Zh. Sarsenbayeva2, Zhanat U. Sadibekova2, Zhanar M. Urazalina1, Zhanerke B. Nurakhmetova1, 1 NJSC «Semey MedicalUniversity», Semey, Republic of Kazakhstan; 2 JSC “South Kazakhstan Medical Academy”, Shymkent, Republic of Kazakhstan.
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Iskakova N.S., Khismetova Z.A., Sarsenbayeva G.Zh., Sadibekova Zh.U., Urazalina Zh.M., Nurakhmetova Zh.B. Awareness of the population of different countries on the use of antibiotics. Literature review// Nauka i Zdravookhranenie [Science & Healthcare]. 2021, (Vol.23) 2, pp. 51-57. doi:10.34689/SH.2021.23.2.005

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