Online ISSN: 3007-0244,
Print ISSN:  2410-4280
РREVALENCE AND IMPACT ON LIFE QUALITY OF DERMATOPHYTOSIS IN THE WORLD
Background: In dermatological structure of morbidity, fungal diseases take the second place after pyoderma and account for up to 42% of skin diseases. The problem of dermatomycosis is of great relevance due to the variety of transmission routes of pathogens and their high resistance in the external environment, changes in the immune response of human body. Aim: Analysis of scientific information on incidence and species composition of causative agents of dermatomycoses in different regions of the world, and their influence on quality of life. Search strategy: The search for scientific publications was conducted in databases PubMed, Elsiever, Medline, GoogleScholar Results: About 25% of the world's population suffer from dermatophytes, and Trichophyton rubrum is the main causative agent. The predominance of T. violaceum is observed in the north and east of Africa, and T. Sudanense and M. audouinii predominate in the western and central regions of Africa. In India, the leading causative agents are Trichophyton mentagrophytes and T. rubrum. In Europe, onychomycosis is most often caused by T. rubrum and T. interdigitale, tinea capitis is caused by M. audouinii, T. tonsurans, T. violaceum, T. soudanense and M. sanis. With persistent and relapsing dermatophytes, an extremely large and very large impact on life quality was revealed, affecting not only physiological aspects of patients' lives, but also their emotional and social well-being. In patients with lesions in the inguinal folds and buttocks, the quality of life worsened to a greater extent than in other sites. Conclusion: Trichophyton rubrum is the most common pathogen, although the frequency of infections caused by T. interdigitale and T. mentagrophytes is increasing. A significant influence of persistent and resistant forms of dermatomycoses on life quality has been revealed.
Alma A. Aimoldina1, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7629-6926 Gulnar R. Batpenova1, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6079-2044 Togzhan O. Algazina1, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1178-5574 Tatyana V. Kotlyarova1, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6749-7961 Darkhan M. Amantayev1, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2313-6026 Vladimir S. Kiyan2, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9787-9151 1 NCJSC “Astana Medical University”, Astana, Republic of Kazakhstan; 2 Republican State Enterprise “National Center for Biotechnology”, Astana, Republic of Kazakhstan.
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Aimoldina A. A., Batpenova G.R., Algazina T.O., Kotlyarova T.V., Amantayev D.M., Kiyan V.S. Рrevalence and impact on life quality of dermatophytosis in the world // Nauka i Zdravookhranenie [Science & Healthcare]. 2023, (Vol.25) 4, pp. 246-257. DOI 10.34689/SH.2023.25.4.030

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