METHODOLOGICAL BASIS OF THE ORGANIZATION OF MEDICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH TO ASSESS THE HEALTH STATUS OF THE POPULATION LIVING IN ECOLOGICALLY UNFAVORABLE TERRITORIES OF KAZAKHSTAN

Background. Problem of population health status and life span is the strategic task in Kazakhstan. The present time in the most industrial territories of Kazakhstan there is situation related with increasing of technogenic and anthropogenic risk factors influence to environment and rising of ecological load for the population. East-Kazakhstan, Pavlodar, Karaganda and Aktobe regions are such ecologically unfavorable areas.

Aim: description of the methodological and procedural framework for the implementation of the scientific program “Development of scientific and methodological bases for minimization of environmental load, medical provision, social protection and health improvement of the population of ecologically unfavorable territories of the Republic of Kazakhstan”.

Methods: descriptive, analytical. Objects of the study are persons living in areas of environmental risk, personnel of group A of oil refineries, biological objects of living and working environment. The subject of the study is the state of health of people living under environmental risk; risk factors for living and working conditions; psychological and prenosological violations in high-risk groups of population.

Results. The study will enroll fife organizations. The main research directions are medical, sociological, psychological, ecological (radiation and non-radiological factors of the environment). All types of research will be conducted within the framework of unified protocols for all participants. Within the framework of the project, a database on the age and sex composition of the decreed population and medical health indicators will be formed. It will provide targeted medical, psychological and social assistance to exposed population.

Conclusion: The results will allow developing and implementing appropriate methods of diagnostics and prevention of diseases that are highly sensitive to environmental risk factors effects.

Тatyana I. Belikhina,

Lyudmila M. Pivina,

Altaj A. Dyussupov, http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0875-1020

Yuliya M. Semenova, http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1324-7806

Аlmira М. Manatova,

Nailaya Zh. Chaizhunussova, httр://оrcid.оrg/0000–0002–6660–7118

Semey State Medical University, Semey, Kazakhstan.

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Thomas B. College of Health and Health Care Disparities: The Effect of Social and Environmental Factors on Individual and Population Health. J. Environ. Res. Public Health. 2014, 11(7), 7492-7507
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Belikhina Т.I., Pivina L.M, Dyussupov A.A., Semenova Yu.M., Manatova А.М., Chaizhunussova N.Zh. Methodological basis of the organization of medical and environmental research to assess the health status of the population living in ecologically unfavorable territories of Kazakhstan. Nauka i Zdravookhranenie [Science & Healthcare]. 2017, 5, pp. 29-41.