DOCTORS’ OPINION ON THE PREVENTION OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES IN YOUNG ADULT PATIENTS
Introduction. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the world. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 17.1 million people die each year from heart attacks and strokes, and this is more common among young adult people. Health care and preventive measures for the population are an integral part of health care. For doctors (general practitioners and cardiologists), the primary prevention of the disease is a very difficult task, both in terms of their diligence and the invisibility of results. Purpose of the work: To study the doctors’ opinion on the prevention of cardiovascular disease in young adult people. Materials and methods: The study involved 135 doctors (110 general practitioners and 25 cardiologists) working in institutions in Semey city. Research design – cross-sectional study. Research methods: social, statistical. The results of the study: The average age of doctors surveyed was 39 years. 126 (93.3%) women and 9 (6.7%) men took part in the survey. By category: 37 (27.4%) - doctors of the highest category, 31 (23%) - 1 category, 29 (21.5%) - 2 categories, 38 (28.1%) - doctors without category. To the question “Do you have experience in preventive work at the population level (appearance in the media, health promotion)?” - 66 doctors (48.9%) answered yes, and 69 (51.1%) had no experience" To the question “How do you assess the attitude of young patients with CVD (25–44 years old) to preventive measures?” 62 (45.9%) doctors answered positively, 43 (31.9%) doctors answered indifferently, 30 (22.2%) doctors were actively interested. According to doctors’ opinion, negligent and negative attitude to prevention 37 (27.4%) - lack of necessary information, 37 (27.4%) - bad habits, 35 (25.9%) - low level of education, 20 (14, 8%) - poor organization of prevention, 6 (4.4%) - due to lack of time. Conclusions: The doctors’ opinion on the prevention of cardiovascular disease in young adult people was studied. Young adult patients with CVD are often more positive about preventive measures. Half of the physicians surveyed have experience in population prevention. As the risk of cardiovascular disease increases with age, it is necessary to take timely measures to reduce it and improve preventive measures in young adult patients.
Gulbarshyn D. Mukasheva1, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3490-5628 Tolkyn A. Bulegenov1, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6145-9649 Nazarbek B. Omarov1, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3262-1410 Aigerіm B. Sabdenbekova 1 NCJSC «Semey Medical University», Semey c., Republic of Kazakhstan.
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Mukasheva G.D., Bulegenov T.A., Omarov N.B., Sabdenbekova A.B. Doctors’ opinion on the prevention of cardiovascular diseases in young adult patients // Nauka i Zdravookhranenie [Science & Healthcare]. 2022, (Vol.24) 2, pp. 84-92. doi 10.34689/SH.2022.24.2.011