Background: The acquisition of drug resistance by microorganisms narrows the possibilities for the treatment of diseases that these microorganisms cause. The emergence of antimicrobial resistance is observed all over the world and in a wide range of microorganisms. The prevalence of this phenomenon is growing and threatens the health of both humans and animals. The immediate consequences of infection with resistant microorganisms can be serious, including a longer course of the disease, increased mortality, longer hospitalization, weaker protection of patients from infection during operations and other medical procedures, as well as an increase in the cost of treatment. Antimicrobial resistance has implications for all areas of health care and a wide variety of sectors, affecting society as a whole. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study of knowledge, attitudes and use of antibiotics was conducted among 727 people without medical education and over 18 years of age from October 2021 to March 2022 in East Kazakhstan region according to the WHO questionnaire «Antibiotic resistance: multi-country public awareness survey». Results: 20.2% of respondents took antibiotics over the past 6 months, 21.7% over the past month. 52% said they received a prescription for antibiotics from a doctor, 35% without a prescription and 13% did not remember. 28.3% of those surveyed believe that it is necessary to stop taking antibiotics when they feel better. 41% of residents said that when they get sick again with the same symptoms, they will buy or ask their doctor again for an antibiotic that has helped them last. Conclusion: According to the results of the respondents' responses, it can be concluded that the knowledge of the population about antibiotics is insufficient and it is necessary to increase public awareness of these drugs both by public health specialists and at the primary level.
Nazym S. Iskakova1, Zaituna A. Khismetova1, Gulzat Zh. Sarsenbayeva2, Kenesh O. Dzhusupov3, 0000-0002-2213-1373 Dinara S. Serikova‑Esengeldina1, Zhanat U. Sadibekova2, 1 NCJSC «Semey medical university», Semey, the Republic of Kazakhstan; 2 JSC “South Kazakhstan Medical Academy”, Shymkent, the Republic of Kazakhstan; 3 International school of medicine, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic.
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Iskakova N.S., Khismetova Z.A., Sarsenbayeva G.Zh., Dzhusupov K.O., Serikova‑Esengeldina D.S., Sadibekova Zh.U. Awareness assessment of East Kazakhstan region population on the antibiotics use // Nauka i Zdravookhranenie [Science & Healthcare]. 2023, (Vol.25) 1, pp. 123-139. doi 10.34689/SH.2023.25.1.016 Искакова Н.С., Хисметова З.А., Сарсенбаева Г.Ж., Джусупов К.О., Серикова-Есенгельдина Д.С., Садибекова Ж.У. Оценка информированности населения Восточно-Казахстанской области об использовании антибиотиков // Наука и Здравоохранение. 2023. 1(Т.25). С. 123-139. doi 10.34689/SH.2023.25.1.016

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