Online ISSN: 3007-0244,
Print ISSN:  2410-4280
PROBLEMATIC SOCIAL MEDIA USE AND MENTAL BEING OF URBAN AND RURAL ADOLESCENTS IN KAZAKHSTAN
Introduction. The mental well-being aspects of the younger generation is a serious problem. Mental health predictors analysis is a valuable tool for effective preventive work. Global trends and the widespread use of Internet technologies lead to active involvement of children and adolescents in the virtual space. However, uncontrolled communication, especially through Internet messengers and social media networks, are exposed adolescents to risks of poor health. Aim of the study. To explore negative impact of problematic social media use on mental health of adolescents. Materials and methods. The study is observational, analytical, cross-sectional. The data were obtained during two rounds of the "Health Behavior of school-aged children" (Health Behavior in School-aged Children, HBSC-2018, 2022) study in Kazakhstan in accordance with the international protocol. In order to assess the possible impact of problematic use of social networks on the development of negative health consequences on urban and rural adolescents, a multidimensional method of statistical analysis was used – binary logistic regression. Results. According to the results of 2018 study, 6.9% of the surveyed adolescents showed signs of problematic use of social media networks. In 2022, the prevalence of problematic use of social media among adolescents increased almost 2-fold, reaching 12.7%. The latest study revealed a significant increase in the number of problem social media users among urban children to 14.4% (10.2% in rural areas, p<0.001, χ2 = 26.9). The study revealed a significant increase in the odds of depression among problematic social networks users: OR - 2.69; 95% CI 1.82-3.97 among urban schoolchildren; OR - 2.42; 95% CI 1.61-3.63 among rural ones. A highly statistically significant relationship was found between problematic use of social networks and increased anxiety in adolescents (OR - 2.85; 95% CI 2.26-3.59 in urban; OR - 2.70; 95% CI 1.96-3.71 in rural areas) and a low level of stress tolerance (OR - 2.76; 95% CI 1.79-4.26 in urban; OR - 1.56; 95% CI 0.77-3.16 in rural). Conclusions. The high intensity of social media networks use is associated with poor mental health of adolescents. The study points to the need to take measures in response to the growing prevalence of problematic use of social media by adolescents and its negative impact on health.
Assel A. Adayeva¹,², https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9013-5248 Tatyana I. Slazhnyova¹, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3632-486X Shynar Z. Abdrakhmanova¹,², https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3504-0427 Galina K. Kaussova², Zhanar A. Kalmakova¹ 1 National Center of Public Healthcare of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan; 2 Kazakhstan Medical University "High School of Public Health", Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan.
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Adayeva A.A., Slazhnyova T.I., Abdrakhmanova Sh.Z., Kausova G.K., Kalmakova Zh.A. Problematic social media use and mental being of urban and rural adolescents in Kazakhstan // Nauka i Zdravookhranenie [Science & Healthcare]. 2023, (Vol.25) 6, pp. 140-151. doi 10.34689/SH.2023.25.6.017

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