СОВРЕМЕННЫЕ МЕТОДЫ ДИАГНОСТИКИ И ЛЕЧЕНИЕ СТАТИЧЕСКОЙ ДЕФОРМАЦИИ ПЕРЕДНЕГО ОТДЕЛА СТОПЫ. ОБЗОР ЛИТЕРАТУРЫ.
Актуальностью рассмотрения темы статической деформации стопы на сегодняшний день является усовершенствование её хирургических методов лечения и омоложение заболевания. В обзоре представлены такие вопросы как: этиология и патогенез развития процесса, анатомо-функциональная особенность переднего отдела стопы, диагностика поперечной распластанности стопы, классификация и разнообразие хирургических методов лечения. Цель: Провести анализ данных литературы в вопросах диагностики ихирургического лечения статической деформации переднего отдела стопы. Стратегия поиска. Проведен поиск и анализ научных публикаций в базах данных и web-ресурсах MEDLINE, UptoDate, Google Scholar, Cyberleninka и электронной библиотеке eLIBRARY. Временной период был обозначен 2009 - 2019 годами. Преимущество отдавалось публикациям рецензируемых изданий. В результате первичной выборки определены 256 литературных источника, из которых 95 публикаций явились основой аналитического материала для данной статьи. Критерии включения: отчеты о рандомизированных и когортных исследованиях, систематические обзоры и метаанализы, протоколы диагностики и лечения, статьи на английском и русском языках. Критерии исключения: личные сообщения, газетные публикации, тезисы, статьи с нечеткими выводами, а также статьи с платным доступом. Результаты и выводы: Многочисленные публикации свидетельствуют о наличии более чем четырехсот методик хирургической коррекции ПРС, что подтверждает проблему дефицита методов, удовлетворяющих требованиям современной ортохирургии - индивидуализации подхода в каждом конкретном случае, небольшой продолжительности оперативного вмешательства, устранению всех компонентов деформации, восстановлению арочной конфигурации поперечного свода стопы.
Марат А. Жанаспаев1, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0610-0112 Нурлан А. Бокембаев1, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4140-1831 Айдос С. Тлемисов1, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4239-6627 Ернар Н. Токтаров1, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5166-243X Талгат Г. Джунусов1, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8169-147X Анар А. Бокембаева1, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6948-4176 Евгения В. Раханская1, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7491-4521 1 НАО «Медицинский университет Семей», г. Семей, Республика Казахстан
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