THE ROLE OF ELECTIVE DISCIPLINES IN TRAINING RESIDENT NEONATOLOGISTS
Introduction: The organization of elective courses is of current importance in training highly qualified medical specialists. The courses make it possible to expand, enhance and systematize the knowledge gained in the discipline. The aim of the current study is to elaborate on the importance and role of elective disciplines of the residency curriculum in Neonatology. Material and methods: The research material is the elective disciplines, which are mandatory for the major, the content of which allows to satisfy the professional interests of resident neonatologists in accordance with their competencies and learning outcomes. An analysis of the demand for an elective disciplines’ catalogue has been done together with an analysis of satisfaction with the component from the elective discipline catalogue, the quality of teaching and the assessment of the knowledge gained in this discipline through an anonymous questionnaire, which was conducted after studying the chosen discipline within 2019-2021. Results: Based on the carried-out analysis, five strategies were identified to determine elective disciplines: enhancement, expansion, addition, diversity, application. 90.3% of respondents recognized the relevance and necessity of having such an elective component. Most of the students noted the high level of professionalism of the teachers who are aimed at the practical application of the acquired knowledge by the students and guided them to use the studied material in their professional activities, losing in using realias in the classroom (during patient’s follow-up, or in the center of practical skills). 92.6% of respondents noted that all teachers were interested in the success of students, were respectful and at the same time demanding during the learning process. Conclusions: A conscious and independent choice of elective components and subsequently, an individual educational trajectory, allows neonatologists to expand, enhance and systematize the acquired knowledge of the discipline, develop and improve the professional skills in systematic and purposeful acquisition of knowledge and skills aimed at reducing infant mortality in the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Saule T. Kizatova1, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4697-5335 Sandugash B. Dyussenova1, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9667-0735 Galina G. Yeryomicheva1, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4887-5159 Nazym A. Yerimbetova1, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7221-4778 Tatyana А. Kiryanova1, https:orcid.org/0000-0002-7988-9361 NCJSC «Karaganda Medical University», Department of Pediatrics and Neonatology, Karaganda city, the Republic of Kazakhstan.
1. Ахметова Ж.К., Сармулдаева Ш.К., Билибаева Г.Ж., Аширбекова А.М., Әмірханова Ж.С. Удовлетворенность слушателей резидентуры учебным процессом в системе постдипломного образования // Вестник АГИУВ. 2018. №4. С.63-67. 2. Бердиярова Г.С., Анохитна С.Г., Абентаева Б.А., Джумабеков Т.А. Анализ мониторинга критических состояний в неонатологии // Вестник АГИУВ. 2018. №3. С.21-25. 3. Бокерия Е.Л. Перинатальная кардиология: настоящее и будущее. Часть I: врожденные пороки сердца. Рос. вестник перинатологии и педиатрии. 2019. №64:(3). С. 5–10. 4. Государственный общеобязательный стандарт резидентуры по медицинским специальностям (Об утверждении государственных общеобязательных стандартов и типовых профессиональных учебных программ по медицинским и фармацевтическим специальностям. Приказ и.о. Министра здравоохранения и социального развития Республики Казахстан от 31 июля 2015 года № 647. 5. Зубков В.В., Любасовская Л.А., Рюмина И.И., Припутневич Т.В., Анкирская А.С., Тютюник В.Л. Микробиологический мониторинг в системе инфекционного контроля неонатальных стационаров // Российский вестник перинатологии и педиатрии. 2017. №1. С.51-56. 6. Кузгибекова А.Б., Такирова А.Т., Абугалиева Т.О., и др. Роль элективов в контексте медицинского образования // Современные проблемы науки и образования. 2021. № 5. С. 17-22. 7. Мельникова И.Ю., Романцов М.Г. Особенности медицинского образования и роль преподавателя ВУЗа в образовательном процессе на современном этапе // Международный журнал экспериментального образования. 2013. № 11. С. 47-52. 8. Орманбетова Н.Б. Повышение эффективности подготовки специалистов здравоохранения Республики Казахстан в резидентуре // Вестник АГИУВ.2017.№1. С.101-104. 9. Приказ Министра образования и науки Республики Казахстан от 20 апреля 2011 года № 152 «Об утверждении Правил организации учебного процесса по кредитной технологии обучения» (с изменениями и дополнениями от 02.06.2014 г.) 10. Старец Е.А., Котова Н.В., Лосева Е.А., Федоренко О.В. Симуляционное обучение в педиатрии и неонатологии: оценка, распознавание и стабилизация неотложных состояний у детей // Здоровье ребенка. 2018. Т.13. No4. С. 405-410. 11. Хайруллин И.И., Парамонова Д.Р., Казанфарова М.А., и др. Роль обучения с использованием симуляционных технологий в период пандемии: практические шаги и ресурсы на примере проекта Выездного симуляционного центра Фонда международного медицинского кластера // Медицинское образование и профессиональное развитие. 2020. Т. 11, № 3. С. 68–83. DOI: 10.24411/2220-8453-2020-13006 12. Хассанин Хатем, Мохамед Абдель Максуд. Информационная система контроля за жизненно важными параметрами состояния новорожденных // Фундаментальные исследования. 2015. № 5. С. 162-167. 13. Argintaru N., Li W., Hicks C., White K., McGowan M., Gray S. et al. An active shooter in your hospital: a novel method to develop a response policy using in situ simulation and video framework analysis // Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2020. Vol. 1, N 3. P. 1–9. 14. Bearman M., Greenhill J., Nestel D. The power of simulation: a large-scale narrative analysis of learners’ experiences // Med Educ. 2019. Vol. 4, N 53. P. 369–379. 15. Brooks B., Firek B. A., Miller C. S. et al. Microbes in the neonatal intensive care unit resemble those found in the gut of premature infants. Microbiome. 2018. 34р. 16. Dieckmann P., Torgeirsen K., Qvindesland A., Thomas L. et al. The use of simulation to prepare and improve responses to infectious disease outbreaks like COVID-19: practical tips and resources from Norway, Denmark, and the UK // Advances in Simulation. 2020. Vol. 5, N 3. P. 1–10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s41077-020-00121-5 17. Dishaw L.J., Cannon J.P., Litman G.W., Parker W. Immune-directed support of rich microbial communities in the gut has ancient roots // Dev Comp Immunol. 2018. 47: Р.36–51. 18. Parikh L.I., Grantz K.L., Iqbal S.N., Huang C.C., Landy H.J., Fries M.H. et al. Neonatal outcomes in fetuses with cardiac anomalies and the impact of delivery route // Am J Obstet Gynecol 2017. 217: Р.1-12. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajog.2017.05.049 19. Penders J., Thijc C., Vink C. et al. Factors influencing the compositions of the intestinal microbiota in early infancy // Pediatrics. 2019. Vol.118, N 2. P 511-522. 20. Plana M.N., Zamora J., Suresh G., Fernandez-Pineda L., Thangaratinam S., Ewer A.K. Diagnostic accuracy of pulse oximetry screening for critical congenital heart defects // Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018; 3: CD011912. DOI: 10.1002/14651858 References [1-12]: 1. Akhmetova Zh.K., Sarmuldayeva Sh.K., Bilibayeva G.Zh., Ashirbekova A.M., Amirkhanova Zh.S. Udovletvorennost' slushatelei rezidentury uchebnym protsessom v sisteme postdiplomnogo obrazovaniya // [Satisfaction of residency students with the educational process in the system of postgraduate education]. Vestnik AGIUV [AGIUV Bulletin]. 2018. N.4. P.63-7. [in Russian] 2. Berdiyarova G.S., Anokhina S.G., Abentaeva B.A., Dzhumabekov T.A. Analiz monitoringa kriticheskikh sostoyanii v neonatologii [Analysis of critical condition monitoring in neonatology]. Vestnik AGIUV [AGIUV Bulletin]. 2018. N.3. P.21-5. [in Russian] 3. Bokeria E.L. Perinatal'naya kardiologiya: nastoyashchee i budushchee. Chast' I: vrozhdennye poroki serdtsa [Perinatal cardiology: present and future. Part I: Congenital heart defects]. Ros. vestnik perinatologii i pediatrii [Russian Bulletin of Perinatology and Pediatrics]. 2019. Vol. 64. N3. P. 5-10. [in Russian] 4. Gosudarstvennyi obshcheobyazatel'nyi standart rezidentury po meditsinskim spetsial'nostyam (Ob utverzhdenii gosudarstvennykh obshcheobyazatel'nykh standartov i tipovykh professional'nykh uchebnykh programm po meditsinskim i farmatsevticheskim spetsial'nostyam. Prikaz i.o. Ministra zdravookhraneniya i sotsial'nogo razvitiya Respubliki Kazakhstan ot 31 iyulya 2015 goda № 647. [State mandatory standard of residency in medical specialties (On approval of state mandatory standards and standard professional training programs in medical and pharmaceutical specialties. Order of the Acting Minister of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated July 31, 2015, N.647]. [in Russian] 5. Zubkov V.V., Lyubasovskaya L.A., Ryumina I.I. et al. Mikrobiologicheskii monitoring v sisteme infektsionnogo kontrolya neonatal'nykh statsionarov [Microbiological monitoring in the infection control system of neonatal hospitals]. Rossiiskii vestnik perinatologii i pediatrii [Russian Bulletin of Perinatology and Pediatrics]. 2017. N1. P. 51-6. [in Russian] 6. Kuzgibekova A.B., Takirova A.T., Abugalieva T.O. et al. Rol' elektivov v kontekste meditsinskogo obrazovaniya [The role of electives in the context of medical education]. Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya [Modern problems of science and education]. 2021. N5. P. 17-2. [in Russian] 7. Melnikova I.Yu., Romantsov M.G. Osobennosti meditsinskogo obrazovaniya i rol' prepodavatelya VUZa v obrazovatel'nom protsesse na sovremennom etape [Medical education peculiarities and a current role of a university teacher in the educational process]. Mezhdunarodnyi zhurnal eksperimental'nogo obrazovaniya [International Journal of Experimental Education]. 2013. N11. P. 47-2. [in Russian] 8. Ormanbetova N.B. Povyshenie effektivnosti podgotovki spetsialistov zdravookhraneniya Respubliki Kazakhstan v rezidenture [Improving the residency training efficiency in Republic of Kazakhstan]. Vestnik AGIUV [AGIUV Bulletin]. 2017. N1. P. 101-4. [in Russian] 9. Prikaz Ministra obrazovaniya i nauki Respubliki Kazakhstan ot 20 aprelya 2011 goda № 152 «Ob utverzhdenii Pravil organizatsii uchebnogo protsessa po kreditnoi tekhnologii obucheniya» (s izmeneniyami i dopolneniyami ot 02.06.2014 g.) [On approval of Rules of Educational process organization in the credit-based system, the Order of the Minister of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated April 20, 2011, №152 (with changes and additions dated 02.06.2014)]. [in Russian] 10. Starets E.A., Kotova N.V., Loseva E.A., Fedorenko O.V. Simulyatsionnoe obuchenie v pediatrii i neonatologii: otsenka, raspoznavanie i stabilizatsiya neotlozhnykh sostoyanii u detei [Simulation training in pediatrics and neonatology: assessment, identification and stabilization of emergency conditions in children]. Zdorov'e rebenka [Child health]. 2018. Vol.13. N4. P. 405-10. [in Russian] 11. Khairullin I.I., Paramonova D.R., Kazanfarova M.A., Kamasheva A.V., Efimov A.D., Ilyukhin D.G., Filina F.N. Rol' obucheniya s ispol'zovaniem simulyatsionnykh tekhnologii v period pandemii: prakticheskie shagi i resursy na primere proekta Vyezdnogo simulyatsionnogo tsentra Fonda mezhdunarodnogo meditsinskogo klastera [The role of training by using simulation technologies during a pandemic: practical steps and resources on the example of Offsite Simulation Center of the International Medical Cluster Foundation]. Meditsinskoe obrazovanie i professional'noe razvitie [Medical education and professional development]. 2020. Vol. 11. N3, P. 68-3. DOI: 10.24411/2220-8453-2020-13006 [in Russian] 12. Hassanin Hatem Mohamed Abdel Maqsoud. Informatsionnaya sistema kontrolya za zhiznenno vazhnymi parametrami sostoyaniya novorozhdennykh // [Information system for monitoring vital parameters of the condition of newborns]. Fundamental'nye issledovaniya [Fundamental research]. 2015. N5. P. 162-7. [in Russian]
Количество просмотров: 77

Ключевые слова:

Библиографическая ссылка

Kizatova S.T., Dyussenova S.B., Yeryomicheva G.G., Yerimbetova N.A., Kiryanova T.A. The role of elective disciplines in training resident neonatologists // Nauka i Zdravookhranenie [Science & Healthcare]. 2022, (Vol.24) 2, pp. 193-199. doi: 10.34689/SH.2022.24.2.023

Авторизируйтесь для отправки комментариев