Background. Medical workers at hospitals who were directly involved in the diagnosis, treatment, and care of Covid-19 infected patients were at high risk of developing mental distress and other psychological health symptoms. The daily number of increased confirmed and suspected cases, stressful workload, lack of personal protection equipment and specific drugs, and adequate support led to the mental crisis of these healthcare workers. Aim. To promote and maintain the mental health of medical workers, we aimed to evaluate the psychological symptoms of healthcare workers during the Covid-19 pandemic. The research method. To analyze and evaluate the mental health of healthcare workers during the Covid-19 pandemic PubMed, Google Scholar, Web of Science, MEDLINE Complete, and Cochrane Library databases were used for the period of 2020 to 2023. Studies conducted on healthcare workers working during the COVID-19 pandemic, including physicians, paramedics, nurses, and other medical workers; cross-sectional studies, cohort studies, and case-control studies published in the English language were included for this study. Key terms used for this review include “healthcare workers” or “health care provider” or “medical workers” or “front line workers” or “professionals” or “nurses” or “doctor” and “mental health” or “mental disorder” or “mental illness” or “mental health status” or “psychiatric illness” and “Covid-19” or “coronavirus disease 2019” or “SARS-CoV-2” or “coronavirus disease”. Exclusion criteria: studies conducted with healthcare professionals outside of COVID-19, evidence-based medicine articles with clear conclusions, articles published in other languages. As a result 25 articles were selected for this review. Conclusions. Covid-19 had a negative impact on the mental status of healthcare workers, especially frontline ones. Many studies showed that healthcare workers experienced symptoms of anxiety, depression, and insomnia during the COVID-19 pandemic and a lack of psychological services. Further strategies should address special interventions for screening and promoting the mental health of medical workers exposed to Covid-19.
Nurila E. Aryntayeva1, Isabel Griffin1, Tulay Koru-Sengul1, Gulshara Е. Aimbetova2, Venera U. Baisugurova2, Fatima A. Bagiyarova2, Abzal Zhumagaliuly2, 1 NCJSC «Asfendiyarov Kazakh National Medical University», Almaty, Kazakhstan; 2 «Center for Disease Control and Prevention», Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America; 3 University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Department of Public Health Sciences, Miami, Florida, United States of America.
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Aryntayeva N.E., Griffin I., Koru-Sengul T., Aimbetova G.Е., Baisugurova V.U., Bagiyarova F.A., Zhumagaliuly A. Mental crisis of healthcare workers during COVID-19 pandemic: a literature review // Nauka i Zdravookhranenie [Science & Healthcare]. 2023, (Vol.25) 2, pp. 23-29. doi 10.34689/SH.2023.25.2.003

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