Background. The Covid-19 pandemic has been a global challenge leading to a significant increase in morbidity and mortality not only among the general population but also among healthcare workers. Medical workers who were at the front line during the Covid-19 outbreak had an increased risk of getting infected due to direct contact with the infected patients. Common challenges faced by healthcare workers include exposure to the Covid-19 infection, prolonged workload, and mental distress. Additionally, healthcare workers had symptoms of depression, anxiety, suicidal thoughts, sleep disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and drug addictions. These symptoms were caused by work stress, fear of getting infected family members, as well as the stigma associated with the infection. Aim: review the relevant literature to evaluate the effects of Covid-19 pandemic on healthcare workers' mental and physical well-being. The research method. Google Scholar, Web of Science and PubMed databases were used with the following keywords: "healthcare workers", "SARSCoV-2", "Covid-19", "well-being", "anxiety", "wellness", "depression", and "Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)" from 2020 to 2023. Inclusion criteria’s for this research were articles published in English that primarily investigated the impact of Covid-19 on the mental and physical health of healthcare workers. Studies conducted during other pandemics, and research that studied mental health of non-healthcare workers, and articles published in other languages were excluded from this review. Conclusions. Effective anti-contagious measures for medical workers, including personal protective equipment (PPE) and providing mental health support, are main protective actions to support mental health of medical workers. Prioritizing mental and physical well-being of healthcare workers is one of the key factors to prevent mental crisis of not only medical professionals but also the general population.
Nurila E. Aryntayeva1,3, Zhanara B. Ibraeva2,, Tulay Koru-Sengul4, Gulshara Е. Aimbetova1, Venera U. Baisugurova1, Fatima A. Bagiyarova1, Abzal Zhumagaliuly1, 1NCJSC «Asfendiyarov Kazakh National Medical University», Almaty, Kazakhstan. 2NCJSC «Semey Medical University», Semey, Kazakhstan. 3NCJSC «Al-Farabi Kazakh National University», Almaty, Kazakhstan. 4«University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Department of Public Health Sciences», Miami, Florida, United States of America.
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Aryntayeva N.E., Ibraeva Zh.B., Koru-Sengul T., Aimbetova G.Е., Baisugurova V.U., Bagiyarova F.A., Zhumagaliuly A. Physical and mental well-being of healthcare workers during COVID-19 pandemic: literature review // Nauka i Zdravookhranenie [Science & Healthcare]. 2023, (Vol.25) 3, pp. 22-31. doi 10.34689/SH.2023.25.3.003

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