CHANGES IN THE CONTEXT OF SUICIDES AMONG STUDENTS IN METROPOLIS OF JAPAN DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC: SUCH DISCUSSION WOULD BE NECESSARY IN THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN AND EACH CITY
Background: Many individuals reported the feeling of 'reaching their breaking point' due to the COVID-19 pandemic's continued restrictions in their daily lives. In Japan, students at all levels have been significantly affected since the spring of 2020 by COVID-19-based restrictions on school attendance, the shift to online courses, and a reduced demand for part-time work, resulting in students' mental and physical exhaustion. Objective: The current prevalence of suicide among students should thus be promptly ascertained. It is important to discuss the necessity of such consideration in the Republic of Kazakhstan as well. Materials and Methods: This study was determined the number of suicides committed by students in Tokyo during the years 2018–2020 and the reasons for those suicides; and this study was analyzed the changes in suicide motives in 2020 compared to those in 2018 and 2019. In addition, we considered the importance of the study using this method in the Republic of Kazakhstan and each city. Results: Female students accounted for a greater proportion of suicides in 2020 compared to the earlier years. There were no appreciable changes in the motives for suicide by males and females in 2020 compared to 2018 and 2019. Conclusions: Precise statistics regarding suicide during the COVID-19 pandemic are important, and suicide-prevention measures based on the context for suicide prior to the pandemic should be formulated in accord with the status of the pandemic in order to prevent suicides among students. Suicide-prevention specialists in various fields such as behavioral science and in government must continue to cooperate to combat the possibility of rising numbers of suicides as the pandemic continues. Since such study is still not enough in the world, it is better to carry out it in detail in the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Ken Inoue1*, Tatsushige Fukunaga2, Madina Apbassova3, Noriyuki Kawano4, Nursultan Seksenbayev5, Elaman Toleuov5, Kamila Akkuzinova5, Zhanna Karimova5, Timur Moldagaliyev5, Nargul Ospanova5, Saulesh Apbassova3, Nailya Chaizhunusova6, Dariya Shabdarbayeva3, Altay Dyussupov7, Masaharu Hoshi4 1 Research and Education Faculty, Medical Sciences Cluster, Health Service Center, Kochi University, Kochi, Japan; 2 National Research Institute of Police Science, Chiba, Japan; 3 Department of Pathological Anatomy and Forensic Medicine, Semey Medical University, Semey, Republic of Kazakhstan; 4 The Center for Peace, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan; 5 Department of Psychiatry and Narcology, Semey Medical University, Semey, Republic of Kazakhstan; 6 Department of Public Health, Semey Medical University, Semey, Republic of Kazakhstan; 7 Chairman of the Board-Rector, Semey Medical University, Semey, Republic of Kazakhstan.
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Inoue K., Fukunaga T., Apbassova M., Kawano N., Seksenbayev N., Toleuov E., Akkuzinova K., Karimova Zh., Moldagaliyev T., Ospanova N., Apbassova S., Chaizhunusova N., Shabdarbayeva D., Dyussupov A., Hoshi M. Changes in the context of suicides among students in metropolis of Japan during THE COVID-19 pandemic: such discussion would be necessary in the Republic of Kazakhstan and each city // Nauka i Zdravookhranenie [Science & Healthcare]. 2023, (Vol.25) 4, pp. 7-12. doi 10.34689/SH.2023.25.4.001

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