Introduction: Improving the system for correcting pelvic floor dysfunction (urinary incontinence and fecal incontinence in combination with pelvic organ prolapse) is one of the most pressing modern socially significant and medical problems today. This nosology is a global health problem that affects millions of women around the world. The massive cost of pelvic disorders to health systems and society is enormous. About one in five women will have surgery for genital prolapse or urinary incontinence by age 85 Aim: to review the prevalence, etiology and prevention of genital prolapse according to research. Search strategy: We studied publicly available articles over 10 years using the following databases of scientific publications and specialized search engines: PubMed, Mendeley, Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar. Inclusion criteria: Publication level of evidence A, B: meta-analyzes, systematic reviews, cohort and cross-sectional studies. Exclusion criteria: expert opinion in the form of short messages, promotional articles Findings and Conclusion: The prevalence of prolapse varied widely from 10-64% to an average of 25%. However, data on the prevalence of different departments of prolapse are somewhat contradictory. Since we do not have a single standardized diagnostic approach. The prevalence of prolapse increases with age according to published research data. Old age is an established factor in prolapse. 50 years is the most common age for prolapse. A predisposing risk factor is a congenital weakness of the connective tissue due to a genetic mutation that is unchanged. We can provide prevention for other factors such as obesity and overweight, menopause, parity, mode of delivery, constipation, diseases with prolonged cough, heavy physical work. Increasing life expectancy and the increasing number of obese women increase the risk of pelvic prolapse spread in the future. We do not have resolved issues of prevention today, this actualizes our study. The research results give us hope for effective prevention and conservative treatment with pelvic floor muscle exercises combined with physiotherapy.
Mariya V. Laktionova1, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9435-8841 Altyn M. Aringazina²,https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9056-2394 Maksut K. Kulzhanov¹, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9701-4016 Mairash A. Baimuratova1, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0219-7874 Arsen А. Askerov3, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4447-9650 Zaituna G. Khamidullina4, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5324-8486 1 Kazakhstan’s Medical University «Kazakhstan School of Public Health», Almaty, the Republic of Kazakhstan; ² Caspian International School of Medicine, Almaty, the Republic of Kazakhstan; 3 Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University named of B.N. Yeltsin, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic. 4 NJSC «Astana Medical University», Astana, Republic of Kazakhstan.
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Laktionova M.V., Aringazina A.M., Kulzhanov M.K., Baimuratova M.A., Askerov A.A., Khamidullina Z.G. Epidemiology, etiology and prevention of genital prolapse: review // Nauka i Zdravookhranenie [Science & Healthcare]. 2023, (Vol.25) 3, pp. 247-256. doi 10.34689/SH.2023.25.3.031

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