AN ANALYSIS OF EMERGENCY CALLS RELATED TO STROKE
Background: Acute stroke is one of the leading causes of disability and death worldwide. According to WHO, stroke is the second leading cause of death. The key stage for the provision of effective medical care in acute cerebrovascular accident (stroke) is the prehospital stage. Aim of the study: to study the number of emergency calls regarding a stroke, depending on the time of year, day of the week and time of day. Materials and Methods: Retrospective analysis of the database of the automated control system “Komek 103” used by the Semey Emergency Medical Station to coordinate the work of ambulance teams and to store information about calls to ambulance teams for the period from September 1, 2017 to August 31, 2018. Studied variables: date, time of call, duration of the ambulance crew, gender, age, outcome of the call, seasonality. To compare the two groups of quantitative variables, the Mann-Whitney test was used. For statistical analysis of nominal data, χ2 Pearson was used. The value of p <0.05 was taken as a statistically significant level. Results: Monday was a statistically significant peak of ambulance calls for a stroke, from 10AM peak in the morning the afternoon was the busiest time for calls. Spring and summer prevailed in the seasonal distribution of calls. Conclusions: Identified patterns require additional in-depth study and may be useful to increase the effectiveness of emergency care for stroke patients
Askar М. Abiltayev1, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4127-2347 Askhat T. Shaltynov1, http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5387-3356 Bakytzhan E. Konabekov1, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0844-3407 Ulzhan S. Jamedinova1, http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1671-289X Nicolay V. Mantler2, Gaukhar T. Mansurova2, Ayan O. Myssaev1, http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7332-4856 1 NJSC «Semey Medical University», Semey city, Republic of Kazakhstan; 2 Semey Emergency Medical Care Station, Semey city, Republic of Kazakhstan.
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