AN EVALUATION OF ACUTE INTOXICATIONS IN CHILDHOOD AT THE EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT: A SINGLE CENTER EXPERIENCE
Objective: The aim of this study is to identify epidemiological and clinical characteristics of childhood patients who were brought to our hospital emergency service due to intoxication. Methods: Cases were evaluated in terms of gender, age, month of application, hours of application, way of arrival to the hospital, cause of intoxication, way of entrance to the body (oral, dermal, inhaler), type of intoxication (suicide, accident), treatments, result (discharge, hospitalization, referral) and length of hospital stay. Chi square test and Mann-Whitney U Test were used for comparison of groups. p<0.05 was considered statistically significant in all analyzes. Results: 147 pediatric patients admitted to our emergency service with intoxication. Average age of patients was 6.61±5.9. Intoxication was most common among 0-5 age group. Most common type of intoxication was accidental. Most common causes of intoxication were drugs (66%). Most common medication type in drug intoxications were analgesics-antipyretics (29.7%). The most case occurred in winter (32%). Conclusion: More care should be taken in the care of children between the ages of 0-5 and adolescent girls. We think that it will be beneficial for emergency physicians to have information about the epidemiological and clinical features of intoxications in the region they work.
Süleyman Ersoy1, http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5417-934X Burak Çelik2, http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6746-4083 Cemil Kavalcı3, http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2529-2946 Hacı Mehmet Çalışkan1, http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7370-420X Gülsüm Kavalcı4, http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8245-4721 1 Kırşehir Ahi Evran University, Faculty of Medicine Emergency department, Kırşehir, Turkey; 2 Kırşehir Training and Research Hospital, Emergency department, Kırşehir, Turkey; 3 Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Training and Research Hospital Emergency department, Ankara, Turkey; 1 Kırşehir Ahi Evran University, Faculty of Medicine, Kırşehir, Turkey; 4 Yenimahalle Training and Research Hospital, Anesthesia department, Ankara, Turkey.
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Ersoy S., Çelik B., Kavalcı C., Çalışkan H.M., Kavalcı G. An Evaluation of Acute Intoxications in Childhood at The Emergency Department: A Single Center Experience // Nauka i Zdravookhranenie [Science & Healthcare]. 2020, (Vol.22) 6, pp. 43-48. doi 10.34689/SH.2020.22.6.006