DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF NURSING DOCUMENTATION ON CORONAVIRUS INFECTION (COVID-19) AT THE NURSING LEVEL
Introduction: The coronavirus infection COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 continues to spread rapidly around the world. On March 11, 2020, the WHO declared an outbreak of coronavirus infection a pandemic. The first case in Kazakhstan was registered on March 13, 2020. On March 16, a state of emergency was declared in Kazakhstan. Since March 19, quarantine has been introduced in Nur-Sultan and Almaty. From March 20, confirmed cases of COVID-19 began to be registered in other regions of the country. Since March 30, quarantine has been introduced in other cities of the country. Therefore, the maintenance of nursing documentation on coronavirus infection at the nursing level plays an important role. Aim: Increase the level of care at the nursing level in the context of the global coronavirus infection (COVID-19) pandemic by introducing nursing documentation. Methods: Within the framework of this study, international and domestic experience in the fight against COVID-19 was studied. The incidence and mortality of COVID-19 in the world and in Kazakhstan has been studied. The nursing documentation form (checklist) was developed using the adapted Clinical Care Classification of the International Nursing Practice Classifier. Results: As of January 18, 2021, a total of 171,232 cases were detected in the Republic of Kazakhstan, of which 155,397 patients recovered, 2,403 cases with a lethal outcome were registered. To improve the provision of care to patients at the nursing level, a form for nursing documentation has been developed "Nursing reception and nursing care during the initial visit of the patient to the out-patient department/filter with signs of SARS, including COVID-19". According to the survey on a 10-point scale, 70.7% of the survey participants rated this form at 6-10 points, including 37.6% at 10 points. Conclusion: The analysis made it possible to identify the nature of the epidemiological situation for coronavirus infection COVID-19 in the world, which served as the basis for the development of nursing documentation to improve preventive measures to combat coronavirus infection at the nursing process level.
Dariga S. Smailova 1, http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7152-7104 Bibinur K. Sydykova 1, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7013-3461 Gulzat Z. Sarsenbayeva 2, Aidos K. Bolatov 3, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5390-4623 Gulnara A. Mussina 4, Zaure А. Baigozhina 5, Zaituna A. Khismetova 1, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5937-3045 1 NCJSC «Semey Medical University», Semey city, the Republic of Kazakhstan; 2 JSC «South Kazakhstan Medical Academy», Shymkent city, the Republic of Kazakhstan; 3 NJSC «Astana Medical University», Nur-Sultan city, the Republic of Kazakhstan; 4 MSE on the REM « Polyclinic number 4 of the city of Pavlodar », Pavlodar city, the Republic of Kazakhstan; 5 The Republican state enterprise on the right of economic management "Republican Center for Healthcare Development", Nur-Sultan city, the Republic of Kazakhstan.
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Smailova D.S., Sydykova B.K., Sarsenbayeva G.Z., Bolatov A.K., Mussina G.A., Baigozhina Z.A., Khismetova Z.A. Development and implementation of nursing documentation on coronavirus infection (COVID-19) at the nursing level // Nauka i Zdravookhranenie [Science & Healthcare]. 2021, (Vol.23) 1, pp. 15-20. doi 10.34689/SH.2021.23.1.002