ANALYSIS OF THE INCIDENCE OF MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION IN THE CARDIOLOGY CENTER IN SHYMKENT
Background. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide [11]. An estimated 23.6 million people a year will die from cardiovascular disease by 2030 [6]. Over the past three decades, there has been a sharp decline in mortality from cardiovascular diseases among both men and women, especially in the age group > 65 years old [7]. The aim of the work is to study the incidence of myocardial infarction in the Cardiological Center in Shymkent. Materials and methods. In the course of the study, the analysis of statistical data of the Cardiology Department of the Cardiology Center in Shymkent was carried out. The following indicators were analyzed for the period 2017-2019: incidence, re-hospitalization rate, bed-days, etc. Results. In 2017-2019, 6230 patients were admitted to the Cardiology Department of the Cardiology Center. In 2017, the number of patients admitted with myocardial infarction was 1528 (77.6), in 2018 - 1700 (86.3), in 2019 - 1562 (79.3). In 2018, there is a tendency towards an increase in the number of admitted patients with myocardial infarction by 10% compared to 2017 and a decrease by 8% compared to 2019. Over the years under study (2017-2019), 712 patients with recurrent myocardial infarction were admitted to the Cardiology Department of the Cardiology Center. In the dynamics, there is a tendency to an increase in the rate of admissions of patients with recurrent myocardial infarction by 4.2 times: from 3.9 (78 cases) in 2017 to 16.7 (329 cases) in 2018. There is a slight decrease in this indicator to 15.4 (305 cases) in 2019. Conclusion. Thus, in the Cardiology Center in Shymkent, myocardial infarction occurs in 97% of cases of the total number of cardiovascular diseases. There has been a decrease in bed-days of patients with myocardial infarction from 8.8 in 2017 to 7.9 in 2019. Most often, patients with myocardial infarction are readmitted after stenting (62.5%).
Zhanat U. Sadibekova1, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1789-1834 Gulzat Z. Sarsenbayeva1, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1518-6528 Bakhyt B. Tokkuliyeva1, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5964-1430 Zaituna A. Khismetova2, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5937-3045 Kasymkhan A. Sultanbekov1, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0973-8397 Dariga S. Smailova3, http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7152-7104 1 JSC «South Kazakhstan Medical Academy», Shymkent city, the Republic of Kazakhstan; 2 NCJSC «Semey Medical University», Semey city, the Republic of Kazakhstan; 3 Kazakhstan’s Medical University «Kazakhstan School of Public Health», Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan.
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Sadibekova Zh.U., Sarsenbayeva G.Z., Tokkuliyeva B.B., Khismetova Z.A., Sultanbekov K.A., Smailova D.S. Analysis of the incidence of myocardial infarction in the Cardiology Center in Shymkent // Nauka i Zdravookhranenie [Science & Healthcare]. 2021, (Vol.23) 2, pp. 127-132. doi 10.34689/SH.2021.23.2.013