Introduction. Chronic otitis media (COM) is one of the most common disorders in pediatric practice. The burden of the disease in industrialized countries is associated with hearing loss and further developmental delay in the child. COM is most often associated with a conductive type of hearing impairment since bone elements of the auditory chain undergo destruction due to the chronic purulent inflammation. Objective: The aim of our study is the identification of risk factors in pathogenesis if COM for the possible development of effective preventive measurements. Materials and methods: The current study presents the analysis of personal data and medical records using the descriptive and regression statistics. Sixty-five pediatric patients with chronic otitis media were enrolled. The study was conducted otorhinolaryngological department of the City Clinical Hospital No. 5 of the Health Department of Almaty in the period from March 2018 to March 2020. Results and conclusions. The results of our investigation demonstrated that some prevalent characteristics of paediatric patients with chronic otitis media may act as possible risk factors for the impairment of hearing function. Thus, the avoiding of acute inflammatory middle ear diseases and total cancelling of treatment with ethanol containing ear drops may contribute greatly in the prevention of hearing loss and impairment.
Timur Shamshudinov1*, Saule Taukeleva2 1 City Center of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, General Hospital №5, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan; 2 Kazakh-Russian Medical University, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan.
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Shamshudinov T., Taukeleva S. Risk factors of hearing impairment in pediatric patients with chronic otitis media // Nauka i Zdravookhranenie [Science & Healthcare]. 2022, (Vol.24) 2, pp. 57-62. doi 10.34689/SH.2022.24.2.007