ANALYSIS OF ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION AMONG DOCTORS OF THE AMBULANCE STATION OF ABAI REGION ACCORDING TO THE RESULTS OF THE QUESTIONNAIRE
Introduction. Numerous studies of mental health symptoms among the population during disease outbreaks demonstrate scientific evidence of depression, anxiety, stress, as well as other mental health conditions, including post-traumatic stress disorder, distress, fear, guilt, anger and indirect trauma, conditions that can exacerbate panic or hysterical reactions. Unfortunately, during outbreaks of diseases and other crises, there are almost always not enough adequate resources to minimize negative psychological effects. From a social perspective, the emerging mental health burden on health care workers and other workers raises serious concerns about the sustainability of health services. Objective: To conduct an analysis of anxiety and depression among medical workers of the ambulance station of the Abai region. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted among medical workers of the ambulance station (AS) of the Abai region. The study was attended by doctors of the ambulance station of the Abai region. To assess and analyze anxiety and depression, we used online and offline questionnaires using an adapted hospital scale of anxiety and depression among emergency medical station doctors. The age profile of the participants was generalized by calculating the average age and interquartile range in years. Categorical variables, including the general characteristics of participants (gender, marital status, level of education, employment), knowledge about the level of anxiety and depression among AS medical workers, were summarized using frequencies and percentages. P<0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: In total, 272 medical workers of the AS of the Abai region were included in the study. Medical workers noted that during the current pandemic and outbreaks of diseases, they experience external and internal tension, accompanied by a feeling of sudden panic, the presence of slowness in work and lack of a sense of cheerfulness, Some even stop paying attention to their external working appearance. Only a small number of medical workers are satisfied with their work, attributing this to the fact that their affairs (occupations, hobbies) bring them a sense of satisfaction no longer to the same extent as before. Conclusion: Special attention should be paid to the mental health of emergency medical workers with the involvement of psychological support services at the place of residence, online mental health services and telemedicine, as well as possible psychological relief in the workplace.
Diana K. Kussainova1, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2229-2270 Zaituna A. Khismetova1, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5937-3045 Umytzhan S. Samarova1, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8943-3384 Gulzat Z. Sarsenbayeva2, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1518-6528 1 NCJSC «Semey Medical University», Semey c., the Republic of Kazakhstan; 2 JSC «South Kazakhstan Medical Academy», Shymkent c., the Republic of Kazakhstan.
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Kussainova D.K., Khismetova Z.A., Samarova U.S., Sarsenbayeva G.Z. Analysis of anxiety and depression among doctors of the ambulance station of Abai region according to the results of the questionnaire // Nauka i Zdravookhranenie [Science & Healthcare]. 2022, (Vol.24) 6, pp. 120-125. doi 10.34689/SH.2022.24.6.016

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