Online ISSN: 3007-0244,
Print ISSN:  2410-4280
Introduction. Hepatitis B virus infection is widespread, progressive, and therefore presents a serious global problem. The infection can develop into a chronic form with a high risk of death from cirrhosis and liver cancer. Kazakhstan is country with high endemicity for the spread of this infection. Objective: To determine the main demographic, clinical, laboratory, serological characteristics of chronic hepatitis B patients. Materials and methods. This retrospective cohort study was conducted using medical records of patients with chronic hepatitis B. A total of 239 participants were enrolled. Enrolled patients had a long-term follow-up with several blood analyzed over time. Characterize of the patients was taken into account: the demographic and clinical-laboratory features, risk factors, and antiviral treatment. Results: Chronic hepatitis B in our environment occurs mainly in married educated employed middle-aged persons. The prevalence of chronic forms of cholecystitis, pancreatitis, bronchitis was increased with age (p<0.001). Male patients had higher serum ALT at baseline (57.5 (31.48-95.8) U/L and during follow-up (at 6 months, 12 months, 18 months and 84 months). An HBsAg decline was observed from baseline and during follow-up. There is significant difference in HBsAg at 18 months between male and female, 3.80 (3.12-6.42) log IU/mL and 2.79 (1.76-3.28) log IU/mL, respectively (p<0.05). The majority of patients had dental treatment (90%), surgery operations (59,83%), in particular appendectomy and gynecological interventions. 26,8% and 23,43% of patients had beauty procedures and Hepatitis A during early childhood, respectively. Conclusion: Portrait of the Chronic hepatitis B patient was formed. The management of these patients should take into consideration age, gender, comorbidities and risk factors. Characteristics of the patients can be one of the essential keys for timely diagnosis and formation of risk groups, also in patient’s treatment and its adherence. This data can be vital in the development of preventive measures among the general population.
Saniya B. Saussakova1, Assiya K. Turgambayeva1, Zhandulla Nakipov1, Gaukhar Dauletova1, Karlygash Tebenova2, 1 NCJSC «Astana Medical University», Department of Public Health and Management, Astana, Republic of Kazakhstan; 2 Academician E.A. Buketov Karaganda University, Department of Special and Inclusive Education, Karaganda, Republic of Kazakhstan.
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Saussakova S.B., Turgambayeva A.K., Nakipov Zh., Dauletova G., Tebenova K. Retrospective analysis of characteristics of patients with chronic hepatitis B // Nauka i Zdravookhranenie [Science & Healthcare]. 2023, (Vol.25) 1, pp. 86-93. doi 10.34689/SH.2023.25.1.011

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