Online ISSN: 3007-0244,
Print ISSN:  2410-4280
Introduction. Providing an accurate radiological report is important because the optimal timing and procedure for truncus arteriosus repair is determined based on morphological characteristics. It is necessary to take into account the advantages and disadvantages of each method to help clinicians. Aim: Review of diagnostic methods used in radiology to study the common truncus arteriosus according to the literature. Search strategy. To search for literature, we used the PubMed, Scopus and Google Scholar databases, without limiting the depth of the search. This is due to the importance of foundational fundamental works, both of the past and the beginning of the 21st century, revealing basic issues in describing the anatomy and classification of the arterial trunk, understanding the natural history, the results of surgical treatment, the latest research in the field of diagnosis and treatment, reflecting current trends and practice. Inclusion criteria for the review: publications with full text, clear conclusions, published in English. Exclusion criteria: duplicate articles, incomplete articles, articles with paid access, summary of the reports, abstracts, advertising articles. As a result, 65 articles were accepted for analysis. Results. Diagnostic methods for studying the common truncus arteriosus in radiology include chest radiography, echocardiography, computed tomography, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, if necessary, cardiac catheterization and angiography. Each of the listed methods has its own advantages and disadvantages. Conclusions: Analysis and further diagnosis of conotruncal pathologies based on data from computed and magnetic resonance imaging, cardiac catheterization, and echocardiography are expected to be effective with an integrated approach.
Aigerim A. Ganiyeva2, Raushan I. Rakhimzhanova2, Tairkhan B. Dautov3, Zhanar S. Abdrakhmanova2, Zhanar Zh. Kozhakhmetova 2, Assel K. Almussina2, https// Almas Zh. Bimakhan1, Valeriy S. Ignatyev1, 1 NJSC “National Research Cardiac Surgery Center”, Department of Radiology, Astana, Republic of Kazakhstan; 2 NСJSC “Astana Medical University”, Scientific Research Institute of Radiology named after ZH.H. Khamzabayev, Astana, Republic of Kazakhstan. 3 “University Medical Center” corporate fund, Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Astana, Republic of Kazakhstan.
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Ganiyeva A.A., Rakhimzhanova R.I., Dautov T.B., Abdrakhmanova Zh.S., Kozhakhmetova Zh.Zh., Almussina A.K., Bimakhan A.Zh., Ignatyev V.S. Diagnostic methods for studying the common truncus arteriosus in radiology // Nauka i Zdravookhranenie [Science & Healthcare]. 2024, (Vol.26) 1, pp. 210-219. doi 10.34689/SH.2024.26.1.025

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