РЕКОМЕНДАТЕЛЬНЫЕ МЕРЫ ПО ПРЕДОТВРАЩЕНИЮ САМОУБИЙСТВ В ЮЖНОЙ КОРЕЕ И ЯПОНИИ НА ОСНОВЕ ПОСЛЕДНИХ РЕЗУЛЬТАТОВ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЙ СУИЦИДА: ДАННЫЙ ПОДХОД НЕОБХОДИМО ИСПОЛЬЗОВАТЬ ПРИ РАЗРАБОТКЕ БУДУЩИХ МЕР ПО ПРЕДОТВРАЩЕНИЮ САМОУБИЙСТВ НА ОСТАЛЬНОЙ ТЕРРИТОРИИ АЗИИ И
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Introduction: Devising and implementing effective suicide prevention measures is an urgent matter for countries around the world. South Korea and Japan have some of the world’s highest suicide rates, so the current study examined more effective suicide prevention measures for those countries with a focus on recent suicide rates by age group.

Materials and Methods: This study examined the suicide rate for each sex by age group in South Korea and Japan in 2009 and 2012, and this study then calculated the ratio of South Korea's suicide rate to Japan's suicide rate. Based on the suicide trends that were noted, this study then indicated specific suicide prevention measures for the two countries.

Results and Conclusion: The ratio of South Korea's suicide rate to Japan’s suicide rate was 1 or greater for both sexes in all age groups except for males ages 15–24 in 2009 and 2012 and for individuals ages 25–34 in 2009. South Korea needs to implement more effective suicide prevention measures for males and females in all age groups (young, middle-aged, and elderly), and it needs to promptly implement suicide prevention measures for the elderly in particular. Japan needs to implement more effective suicide prevention measures for males ages 15–24. Suicide prevention measures need to be promptly devised for at-risk age groups and measures to deal with specific motivations for committing suicide need to be devised. In addition, implementation of community-wide suicide prevention measures is crucial. Japan and other countries around the world must seek to devise specific suicide prevention measures based on suicide trends and results of studies on suicide.

Ken Inoue 1, http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0710-481X

Nailya Chaizhunusova 2, http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6660-7118

Masaharu Hoshi 3, http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6978-0883

Yoshihiro Noso 4, http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3477-1260

Nobuo Takeichi 5,6, http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3445-0025

Nargul Ospanova 7, http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2351-5720

Timur Moldagaliev 7, http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8123-8002

Zhanat Sarsembina 7, http://orcid.org/0000-0003-6589-1357

Akerke Kalieva 8, http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8235-8572

Ulzhan Jamedinova 8, http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1671-289Х

Sholpan Chegedekova 8, http://orcid.org/0000-0001-2285-9878

Alua Sharapiyeva 8, http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7325-398X

Dina Bitebayeva 8, http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0225-3234

Tolebay K. Rakhypbekov 9 http://orcid.org/0000-0003-9232-1579

 

1 Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Public Health,

Gunma, Japan;

2 Semey State Medical University, Department of Nutrition and Hygienic disciplines, Semey, Kazakhstan

3 Hiroshima University, Research Institute for Radiation Biology and Medicine, Hiroshima, Japan

4 Shimane University, Department of General Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Shimane, Japan

5 Takeichi Clinic, Hiroshima, Japan

6 Shimane University, Faculty of Medicine, Shimane, Japan

7 Semey State Medical University, Department of Neurology, psychiatry and infectious diseases, Semey, Kazakhstan

8 Semey State Medical University, Department of Public Health, Semey, Kazakhstan

9 Semey State Medical University, Semey, Kazakhstan

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Ключевые слова: suicide prevention, community-wide, recent, world.

Библиографическая ссылка

Иное К., Чайжунусова Н., Хоши М., Носо Й., Такейчи Н., Оспанова Н., Молдагалиев Т., Сарсембина Ж., Калиева А., Джамединова У., Чегедекова Ш., Шарапиева А., Битебаева Д., Рахыпбеков Т.К. Рекомендательные меры по предотвращению самоубийств в Южной Корее и Японии на основе последних результатов исследований суицида: данный подход необходимо использовать при разработке будущих мер по предотвращению самоубийств на остальной территории Азии и мира / / Наука и Здравоохранение. 2016. №2. С. 47-55.

Inoue K., Chaizhunusova N., Hoshi M., Noso Y., Takeichi N., Ospanova N., Moldagaliev T., Sarsembina Zh., Kalieva A., Jamedinova U., Chegedekova Sh., Sharapiyeva A., Bitebayeva D., Rakhypbekov T.K. Guidelines on suicide prevention measures for South Korea and Japan based on recent suicide trends: the need to utilize this approach to devise future suicide prevention measures for the rest of Asia and the rest of the world. Nauka i Zdravookhranenie [Science & Healthcare]. 2016, 2, pp. 47-55.

Иное К., Чайжунусова Н., Хоши М., Носо Й., Такейчи Н., Оспанова Н., Молдагалиев Т., Сарсембина Ж., Калиева А., Джамединова У., Чегедекова Ш., Шарапиева А., Битебаева Д., Рахыпбеков Т.К. Суицид соңғы зерттеулер нәтижелерінің негізінде Оңтүстік Корея мен Жапония адамның өзін-өзі алдын алу үшін сілтемелер шаралар: көзқарас Азия қалған және әлемдегі адамның өзін-өзі алдын алу үшін болашақ шараларды әзірлеу кезінде пайдаланылуы тиіс / / Ғылым және Денсаулық сақтау. 2016. №2. Б. 47-55.